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Retirement Planning for Unmarried Couples Living Together

June 10, 2024

In today’s world, many couples choose to live together without getting married. In this section, we discuss how unmarried couples can navigate retirement planning effectively.

1. Understand Your Legal Status

The first step in retirement planning for unmarried couples is understanding the legal implications of your relationship. Unlike married couples, you do not have automatic rights to each other’s assets, inheritance, or social security benefits. Therefore, .

2. Draft a Comprehensive Estate Plan

An estate plan is critical for unmarried couples to ensure that each partner’s wishes are respected in the event of illness or death. Here’s what to include:

  • Wills: Each partner should have a will explicitly stating how their assets should be distributed. Without a will, state laws will dictate the distribution of your assets, which may not align with your wishes.
  • Durable Power of Attorney: Designate your partner as your durable power of attorney to make financial and legal decisions on your behalf if you become incapacitated.
  • Healthcare Proxy: Assign your partner as your healthcare proxy to make medical decisions for you if you are unable to do so.
  • Living Will: Outline your wishes regarding medical treatment and end-of-life care in a living will.

3. Joint Ownership of Assets

Consider owning significant assets jointly to ensure that both partners have access to them. This can include:

  • Joint Bank Accounts: Opening a joint bank account allows both partners to access funds for daily expenses and emergencies.
  • Joint Ownership of Property: Holding property as joint tenants with the right of survivorship ensures that the surviving partner automatically inherits the property upon the other’s death.

4. Retirement Accounts and Beneficiary Designations

Review and update beneficiary designations on retirement accounts, life insurance policies, and other financial accounts. Designate each other as beneficiaries to ensure that your partner receives the intended benefits. Note that some retirement accounts may require spousal consent for non-spouse beneficiaries, so check with your plan administrator.

5. Social Security and Pension Benefits

Unmarried partners are not eligible for spousal social security benefits. Therefore, it’s crucial to maximize your individual benefits:

  • Social Security: Each partner should work to maximize their own social security benefits by earning as much as possible and delaying benefits until full retirement age or later.
  • Pensions: Review the rules of any pension plans to understand survivor benefits. Some pensions may offer options for non-spousal beneficiaries, but they often require specific elections during the employee’s lifetime.

6. Health Insurance and Long-Term Care

Health insurance and long-term care are vital considerations for unmarried couples:

  • Health Insurance: Ensure that both partners have adequate health insurance coverage. Explore options like the Health Insurance Marketplace or employer-sponsored plans that might allow coverage for domestic partners.
  • Long-Term Care Insurance: Consider purchasing long-term care insurance to cover the costs of extended care that might not be covered by health insurance or Medicare.

7. Tax Planning

Tax laws offer different advantages and challenges for unmarried couples:

  • Income Taxes: Determine the most advantageous way to file your taxes. While you cannot file jointly,
  • Gift Taxes: Be aware of gift tax implications when transferring assets between partners. Current laws allow for a significant annual exclusion, but large transfers may incur gift taxes.

8. Regular Financial Reviews

Review your financial plans regularly and adjust them as necessary. Life changes, such as changes in employment, health, or the law, can impact your retirement planning. Schedule annual financial reviews to ensure your plans remain aligned with your goals and needs.


Retirement planning for unmarried couples living together requires careful consideration and proactive steps to ensure financial security. Understanding your legal status, drafting a comprehensive estate plan, managing joint assets, and maximizing retirement benefits can create a solid foundation for your future. Consulting with financial and legal professionals can provide valuable guidance tailored to your unique situation, helping you navigate the complexities of retirement planning with confidence.

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